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Hot springs are ponds, portions of a lake, or pools in which water has been naturally heated underground. The body of water housing the water can vary in size. Geologists think a particular combination of rocks and minerals found underground work together to create hot springs. It is believed these rocks and minerals trap the springs and allow them to become fermented, which heats the water up. The heated water becomes sterilized and cause bubbles to rise to the surface.
The temperature of the surface water must be well over the normal ground temperature in order to be considered a hot spring. While the ground temperature in many areas averages 57ºF (13.9ºC), the surface temperature of water in springs can reach temperatures in the low to mid-100s (37.8 to 65.6ºC).
Throughout the United States, a number of locations boast natural hot springs. Arkansas houses the most popular location, Hot Springs National Park. The park was designated a National Park in 1832, which provides the area with special protection. This has helped keep the springs from being damaged by tourists or business ventures.
Hot Springs National Park is is approximately a one hour drive southwest of Little Rock, Arkansas. It is open year round, seven days per week. The water there is very pure and reaches temperatures as high as 143ºF (61.7ºC). A number of hiking trails, picnicking areas, camping areas, and bathhouses can be found throughout the park.
The majority of the bathhouses at the park are kept locked throughout the day and are operated by private firms. Accessing the bathhouses typically requires payment of a set fee and sometimes an appointment. A full body massage at the bathhouses typically includes a bathing experience within the hot springs, a manicure, a pedicure, and a facial and body scrub.
Frequently Asked Questions
What exactly are hot springs?
Hot springs are natural pools of water that are heated by geothermal energy from the Earth's interior. This heating occurs when water percolates deep into the Earth's crust, where it is warmed by hot rocks or comes into contact with magma before rising back to the surface. Hot springs can vary in temperature from warm to boiling and are often rich in minerals, which can have therapeutic properties.
How do hot springs form?
Hot springs form when groundwater is heated by geothermal forces and then rises to the surface through cracks and fissures in the Earth's crust. The source of the heat is typically volcanic activity or the natural decay of radioactive elements deep within the Earth. The temperature of a hot spring is usually related to the depth of the water's source and the rate at which the water flows.
Are hot springs safe to bathe in?
Many hot springs are safe to bathe in, but it's important to be cautious. Some hot springs can be extremely hot, with temperatures high enough to cause burns. Additionally, certain hot springs may contain harmful bacteria or minerals. Always check for posted safety signs and, if in doubt, test the water temperature with your hand before entering. It's also advisable to avoid submerging your head to prevent ear infections or other issues.
What are the benefits of soaking in hot springs?
Soaking in hot springs can have several health benefits. The heat can help relax muscles, ease pain, and reduce stress. The minerals found in the water, such as sulfur, silica, and calcium, can also benefit the skin and overall health. Some people believe that these minerals can help with conditions like arthritis, skin problems, and circulatory disorders.
Where can I find hot springs?
Hot springs are found all over the world, often in volcanic regions or areas with recent volcanic activity. Some famous hot spring destinations include Iceland, Japan (known for its onsen), the United States (Yellowstone National Park), and New Zealand. Many hot springs have been developed into spa resorts, while others remain in their natural state, accessible in national parks or remote wilderness areas.