People seeking extreme activities or interested in an adventure holiday have a wide variety of diversions to choose from. The region selected for adventure travel influences the type of extreme activities available for use. Some types of extreme activity require equipment or transport vehicles; adventure tours may require guides. Also, some activities may be done for relatively little or no money, while others may be quite costly. Transportation costs and border issues may also need to be considered.
Extreme activities can be conducted by land, air, or sea. Areas that are near large bodies of water provide an opportunity for sporting, fishing, or observing. Travelers interested in rafting, canoeing, surfing, or sailing should keep location in mind when planning their trip. Travel destinations set near lakes, rivers, gulfs, or oceans also provide the possibility for fishing. Visitors to these areas also have the possibility for scuba or deep sea diving. This allows travelers to observe a wide variety of animals in their ecosystem. Some even dive for lost treasures or explore wrecked ships.
Dryer or arid climates provide for different sorts of extreme activities. Some people can bike through these extreme conditions as tests of physical endurance and emotional strength, while others may climb outcrops or explore any caves in the area. These areas also have animal populations that can be observed independently or in safaris led by tour guides.
Landscapes in colder regions provide for extreme activities that take place in the snow. Extreme sports like snowboarding, dog-sledding, and ice mountain climbing are possible in these climates. Some people enjoy camping in these conditions, and have mastered techniques for surviving sub-zero temperatures.
The advent of technology allows vacationers to explore the air now. Airplane, balloon, or helicopter tours allow passengers to explore the area from the air, which provides an opportunity to see the world from a different perspective. Other examples of extreme activities include skydiving and hang gliding. In hang gliding, a person is harnessed to an aluminum frame suspended from a fabric wing.
People interested in extreme travel activities should understand that some of these regions require passports for entry. Also, some of these activities are expensive. Travel costs can influence the accessibility of some of these activities. Visitors to these sites must also ensure that they have a knowledge of the local customs, laws, and cultures of the areas they visit; certain extreme activities may seem innocuous to the traveler, but can be viewed as disrespectful or a desecration of the land in some areas.