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The Crystal Cathedral is a prominent house of worship located in the city of Garden Grove in the state of California in the United States. While not actually constructed of crystal, the Christian church edifice does make extensive use of thousands of panes of high quality clear glass. The design provides a striking appearance that can be seen for miles, and provides a home to one of the largest congregations in the Reformed Church in America.
While the Crystal Cathedral is often referred to as a megachurch, the building was actually constructed long before the term came into common usage. Work on the Cathedral was begun in the late 1970’s under the auspices of the Garden Grove Community Church. The pastor for the congregation, Dr. Robert H. Schuller, had been with the church since its inception in 1955. Completed in 1980, the Crystal Cathedral became the home for not only the Garden Grove Community Church congregation, but also the base of operations for the broadcast of sermons by Dr. Schuller to television stations around the nation.
The design of the Crystal Cathedral calls for the use of over ten thousand individual panes of glass. The panes are used for both walls and ceilings in the overall design. Rather than being bolted into the frame, the panes are held in place with the use of a silicone-based glue. This approach allows the Crystal Cathedral to withstand minor tremors that are common in the area, as well as hold up during earthquakes.
Upon completion, the church held room for just under three thousand worshippers in the main sanctuary. Along with the distinctive design, the Crystal Cathedral houses a beautiful 320 rank pipe organ that is considered to be among the best in the country. When the congregation began meeting in the edifice after the completion and dedication, they formally changed their name to the Crystal Cathedral Congregation.
Maintenance of the Crystal Cathedral is an ongoing process. The security of the panes is checked regularly, and replacements are made as needed. Due to the massive exposure of the building through local and broadcast ministries, the function of the Cathedral has become a standard for the construction of other megachurches, although none to date make use of glass components to the same degree. The high visibility afforded by the design of the Crystal Cathedral has also allowed the congregation to develop a wide range of ministries that are collectively managed under the name of Crystal Cathedral Ministries.
Dr. Schuller officially retired as the Senior Pastor of the Crystal Cathedral on 22 January 2006. Since that time, Dr. Robert A. Schuller has carried on his father’s work as the pastor for the church. The Crystal Cathedral continues to offer ministries to an international audience, and is often visited by persons from many different faiths.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the Crystal Cathedral and why is it significant?
The Crystal Cathedral, now known as Christ Cathedral since 2013, is a renowned architectural landmark located in Garden Grove, California. Designed by architect Philip Johnson, it was completed in 1980 and is celebrated for its striking glass-paneled structure that houses over 10,000 rectangular glass panes. The cathedral gained prominence as the home of the Hour of Power television program and is significant for its innovative design that merges modern architecture with a place of worship.
Can visitors tour the Crystal Cathedral, and what can they expect to see?
Yes, visitors can tour the Crystal Cathedral, which is now Christ Cathedral. During a tour, visitors can expect to see the breathtaking glass building, the expansive and well-manicured campus, and the interior's reflective glass that creates a unique spiritual atmosphere. The cathedral's organ, one of the largest in the world, and the Prayer Chapel are also highlights. Tours may be subject to availability and church events, so it's recommended to check their official website for the latest information.
Has the Crystal Cathedral undergone any major changes since its construction?
Since its construction, the Crystal Cathedral has undergone significant changes, most notably its transition to Christ Cathedral after the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orange purchased the property in 2012. The building has been through a major renovation to accommodate Catholic worship while preserving the architectural integrity. The transformation included alterations to the interior to create a suitable space for the liturgy and the installation of a new altar, bishop's chair, and baptismal font.
What architectural style is the Crystal Cathedral, and what makes its design unique?
The Crystal Cathedral is an example of modernist architecture and is particularly unique due to its extensive use of glass. The design incorporates a steel frame with over 10,000 glass panels, creating a transparent and reflective surface that interacts with the surrounding environment. The structure is not only visually stunning but also serves a functional purpose by allowing natural light to flood the interior, reducing the need for artificial lighting and creating a sense of openness and connection with the outdoors.
Are there any notable events or services held at the Crystal Cathedral?
The Crystal Cathedral, now Christ Cathedral, continues to be a vibrant center for religious services, including Masses, weddings, and funerals. It is also known for its music ministry and concerts featuring the cathedral's impressive organ. Additionally, the cathedral has a rich history of hosting the "Hour of Power" television program, which was broadcasted worldwide, showcasing the cathedral to millions and featuring inspirational messages and music.