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When you look at an advertisement for a movie, there should be a rating symbol next to the name of the film. This is known as the film's classification or rating. The rating gives the intended viewer an idea of the type of content that the film contains and the intended age of the viewer. Films are given a rating by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
The process of submitting a film to the MPAA is purely voluntary for the filmmaker. The majority of film makers submit their films to receive a rating. If they are not happy with the rating they receive, they have the option of recutting the film. The filmmaker is also free to market his or her films without a rating.
Films are given their ratings by a board of members. There is a special committee approved and designed specifically for the ratings purpose. Members of the committee view and discuss each film before deciding, based on its content, which age group it would be most suitable for.
Factors such as sexual content, violence, nudity, language, and theme all play a part in the ratings decision. Another factor is how the content material is used in the context of the film. Ratings are not used in a critical sense; they only provide a guide to the age group for which a certain film is most suited.
There are five different film classifications. Movies rated G are deemed suitable for a general audience. People of any age can be admitted to them. There should be nothing in the film that can be considered harmful to even the youngest member of a family. G movies should contain no nudity, drug use, profanity, or sexual scenes.
Parental guidance, or PG, is the next step up in the movie ratings system. PG movies may not be suitable for very young children. They may contain scenes that younger children will not understand or may find offensive. They should not contain drug use or sexual scenes. There may be some moderate nudity and violence in movies rated PG.
PG13 movies are inadvisable for children under the age of 13. There may be scenes of violence, some drug use, and some profanity. There is usually not any strong sexual content in these movies.
The next movie classification is R. Movies rated R, or restricted, contain adult content and material. An R rated film could contain strong language, sexual scenes, violence, and scenes of drug use. Anyone aged 17 or under should be accompanied by an adult or guardian to an R rated movie.
The final movie rating classification is restricted under 17, or NC-17. Anyone aged 17 or under will not be admitted to NC-17 movies. They may contain scenes of an explicitly sexual nature, very strong violence, and sexual language.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who is responsible for rating movies?
Movie ratings are typically determined by a designated classification board or ratings organization. In the United States, the Motion Picture Association (MPA) operates the Classification and Rating Administration (CARA), which issues ratings like G, PG, PG-13, R, and NC-17 based on content suitability for different audiences.
What criteria are used to rate movies?
Ratings are based on several factors, including violence, language, sexual content, drug use, and thematic elements. The goal is to provide guidance to consumers, especially parents, about the appropriateness of the content for children and general audiences. Each country has its own system and criteria for rating films.
How does the movie rating process work?
A group of raters, often parents themselves, watch the entire film and then discuss the appropriate rating based on the established criteria. They consider various aspects such as context, frequency, and intensity of content. The final rating is assigned to help viewers make informed viewing choices.
Can a movie's rating be appealed or changed?
Yes, filmmakers have the right to appeal a rating decision if they disagree with it. An appeals board, separate from the original rating committee, will review the film and the contested rating. The filmmaker may also choose to edit the film and resubmit it for a new rating.
Are movie ratings legally enforceable?
Movie ratings are not legally binding, but they are widely respected by theaters and retailers. In many countries, cinemas enforce age restrictions based on ratings, and retailers often follow voluntary guidelines regarding the sale and rental of home video releases to minors.